Limited English Proficient / English Second Language

Last Updated: 7/1/2021 6:33 PM

English Learner (EL) Class – Using this educational approach, limited English proficient students are directly instructed in the use of the English language. Instruction is based on a special curriculum that typically involves little or no use of the students’ native language and is usually taught during specific school periods. For the remainder of the school day, students may be placed in mainstream classrooms. ESL classes may focus on teaching formal English grammar and on promoting natural communication activities (free conversation, games, discussions on familiar topics). Reading and writing are practiced as well as oral communication skills in English.

The program or combination of programs indicated on the previous page is designed to help your child attain English language proficiency as quickly as possible so that your child can participate effectively in classrooms where English is the language of instruction. A student attains the required level of English proficiency to be exited from a district’s limited English proficient (LEP) program when he or she obtains a composite score of 3 on the Ohio English Language Proficiency Assessment (OELPA).

Revised Exit Criteria
A student is reclassified (no longer English learner) when the student has attained a performance level of Proficient (3) on the OELPA. The Proficient performance level is defined as domain/test level scores of 4s and 5s in any combination across all four domains (listening, reading, writing and speaking). Students in grades K - 12 are eligible for reclassification if the student receives a performance level of Proficient. In OELPA, there are three overall performance levels: Proficient, Emerging and Progressing. The performance levels are determined as follows:

  • Proficient - students are those scoring any combination of 4’s and 5’s across all four domains
  • Emerging - students are those scoring any combination of 1’s and 2’s across all four domains
  • Progressing - students are those scoring any combination across the four domains that does not fall into Proficient or Emerging.

 

Common ESL Acronyms
BICS   Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills
Language skills needed for social Conversation purposes.  Research shows this to take 6 months to 2 years to acquire.
CALP Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency
Formal language skills, including listening, speaking, reading, and writing, used for academic learning.  This takes 5-7 years to acquire.
EL English Learner
A student who is learning the English language.  Used synonymously with ELL, LEP, and ESOL.
ELD English Language Development
A program where English learners are taught all subject matter using English as the language of instruction in a class taught by a teacher with special knowledge of second language development.  This term is sometimes used synonymously with ESL and ESOL.
ELL English Language Learner
Students whose first language is not English or students who speak a language other than English at home.  They are in the process of learning English.  Used synonymously with EL, LEP, and ESOL.
EMIS Educational Management Information System
This is the computer system Ohio uses to document all student information.
ESL English as a Second Language
ESL is an instructional program in which limited English proficient students are instructed in the use of the English language.
ESOL English for Speakers of Other Languages
Used synonymously with ESL, ELL, and LEP.
IPT IDEA Proficiency Tests
An approved English Language Proficiency Test to be used within two weeks of a student's entry date.
LAS Language Assessment Scales
An approved English Language Proficiency Test to be used within two weeks of a student's entry date.
LEP Limited English Proficient
An LEP student is a student whose first and primary language is a language other than English.  Used synonymously with ESL, ELL, and ESOL.
OTESOL      Ohio Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages
The Ohio professional organization for educators working with English learners.
SDAIE Specially Designed Academic Instruction in English
Synonymous with sheltered instruction.  SDAIE is grade appropriate, cognitively demanding core curriculum taught in English but tailored so that ELL students will understand and be able to participate.
TESOL Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages
The international, professional organization for educators working with English learners.